Blood glucose monitoring
A diabetic coma is a life-threatening diabetes complication that causes unconsciousness. If you have diabetes, dangerously high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to a diabetic coma.
If you lapse into a diabetic coma, you’re alive — but you can’t wake or respond purposefully to sights, sounds or other types of stimulation. Left untreated, a diabetic coma can be fatal.
The idea of a diabetic coma is scary, but you can take steps to help prevent it. Start by following your diabetes treatment plan.
What do I need?
To test blood glucose levels, you need:
Blood glucose meters are typically sold as packs giving all of you the gear you have to begin. There are various types, offering distinctive highlights and at various costs to address singular issues. A large portion of these are accessible from Diabetes Australia in your state or domain, drug stores and some diabetes focuses. Your specialist or Credentialled Diabetes Educator can enable you to pick the meter that is best for you, and your Credentialled Diabetes Educator or drug specialist can demonstrate to you best practices to utilize your meter to get exact outcomes.
- A blood glucose meter
- A lancet device with lancets
- Test strips.
How do I test my blood glucose levels?
To test your blood glucose levels, you prick your finger with the lancet and include a little drop of blood onto a testing strip. This strip is then embedded into the meter, which peruses the strip and shows a number – your blood glucose level. At the point when and how regularly you should test your blood glucose levels shifts relying upon every person, the type of diabetes and the tablets as well as insulin being utilized. Blood glucose levels are estimated in millimetres per liter of blood (mmol/L). Your specialist or Credentialed Diabetes Educator will enable you to choose what number of tests are required and the levels to go for. Tracking your blood glucose levels can be extremely useful for you and your specialist or Credentialed Diabetes Educator. You can keep a journal or utilize a cell phone application or site to record your levels.
When should I test my blood glucose level?
When you should test your blood glucose levels and how regularly you should test shifts relying upon every person, the type of diabetes and the tablets or potentially insulin being utilized. Your specialist or Credentialed Diabetes Educator will enable you to choose what number of tests are required and the levels to go for. Conceivable occasions to test are:
Despite the fact that your meter may have a memory, it is essential to track your readings in a journal and to take this with you to all meetings with your diabetes well being group. This will give both you and your diabetes well being group with critical data in choosing if and how your treatment may should be balanced.
Most meters available have programming which enables you to download your records in various configurations, for example, diagrams and outlines. Regardless of whether you can do this, it is as yet supportive to keep a journal, for your tests as well as points of interest of your every day exercises, the sustenance you eat and other pertinent data. There are some applications that record the majority of this data in a single place. Ask your specialist or diabetes teacher how you can utilise a journal to assist you with bettering deal with your diabetes.
Testing four times each day is normally prescribed for individuals with sort 1 diabetes. Anyway numerous individuals test all the more regularly, for example, those utilizing an insulin pump (CSII – nonstop subcutaneous insulin embodiment).
- Before breakfast (fasting)
- Before lunch/dinner
- Two hours after a meal
- Before bed
- Before vigorous exercise
- When you are feeling unwell
Why is it so important to test my blood?
Standard testing and recording of your blood glucose level can strengthen your solid way of life decisions and also illuminate you of your reaction to different decisions and impacts.
Critically, blood glucose level example changes can alarm you and your medicinal services group to a conceivable requirement for an adjustment in how your diabetes is being overseen.
Testing your blood glucose levels will help you to:
- Develop confidence in looking after your diabetes.
- Better understand the relationship between your blood glucose levels and the exercise you do, the food you eat and other lifestyle influences such as travel, stress and illness.
- Know how your lifestyle choices and medication, if used, are making a difference.
- Find out immediately if your blood glucose levels are too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia), helping you to make important decisions such as eating before exercise, treating a ‘hypo’ or seeking medical advice if sick.
- Know when to seek the advice of your diabetes health team about adjusting your insulin, tablets, meal or snack planning when blood glucose goals are not being met.
Times to test more often
There will be times when you need to test more often, however you should first discuss this with your doctor or Credentialed Diabetes Educator. Example of these times include when you are:
Your Credentialed Diabetes Educator can help you work out a testing plan especially for you.
- Being more physically active or less physically active
- Sick or stressed
- Experiencing changes in routine or eating habits, e.g. travelling
- Changing or adjusting your insulin or medication
- Experiencing symptoms of hypoglycemia
- Experiencing symptoms of hyperglycemia
- Experiencing night sweats or morning headaches
- A female planning pregnancy or are pregnant.
- Pre/post minor surgical day procedures
- Post dental procedures
What should I aim for?
Successful administration of diabetes is tied in with going for a watchful harmony between the nourishment you eat, how dynamic you are and the drug you take for your diabetes. Since this is a sensitive equalisation, it very well may be very hard to accomplish the most ideal blood glucose administration constantly.
The extents will differ contingent upon the individual and a person’s conditions. While it is critical to keep your blood glucose levels as near the objective scope of target run between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting) as conceivable to counteract intricacies, it is similarly essential to check with your specialist or Credentialed Diabetes Educator for the scope of blood glucose levels that are correct and ok for you. Subsequently the accompanying data ought to be dealt with just as a general guide.
Glucose level targets
Blood glucose levels are estimated in millimetres per litre of blood (mmol/L). Target extents may vary contingent upon your age, term of diabetes, the kind of medicine you are taking and on the off chance that you have some other therapeutic issues. Talk with your specialist about your individual target ranges.