Dental problems and diabetes

Dental problems and diabetes

Did you know that people who have diabetes have a more inclusive risk of progressing gum disease, tooth decay, fungal disease, and other problems with oral (mouth) health? 

Gum disease
Gum disease has been found to either increase the risk of diabetes or complicate its treatment, depending on your stage of health. This is because the inflammation makes it harder to process insulin, and therefore harder to maintain healthy levels of blood sugar.

 

 It’s all interrelated. High blood sugar is dangerous for patients with diabetes and is also associated with worsening gum disease. Really, good oral hygiene and care are so connected with overall health that it’s hard to parse out exact causes and effects.

cavity/ tooth decay

Tooth decay is damage that occurs when germs (bacteria) in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. It can lead to a hole in the tooth, called a cavity. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.

Dental problems ( Candidiasis, Dental Caries, Gingivitis, Lichen Planus, Periodontitis, Xerostomia) are some of the oral manifestations which are seen in diabetes patients.

and it can also cause Polyuria, Polydipsia, Polyphagia, weight loss, recurrent infection, prolonged wound healing, altered immune and inflammatory response, prone to infection.

It may be because of

  1. Insulin resistance: resistance to the effects of insulin on glucose uptake, metabolism, or storage.

  2. Beta-cell dysfunction: inadequate insulin secretion in the presence of insulin resistance and hyperglycemia.

One correlation between dental problems and disease that has been discovered is diabetes. It appears however that the relationship is affected both ways, with diabetes potentially increasing the risk of oral health complications such as infections and by dental problems such as gum disease or cavities making diabetes harder to manage.

Due to the fact that diabetes can often compromise the immune system, infections (including oral ones) are more prevalent among patients with diabetes. This can affect bacteria overgrowth, dental decay and even the progression of periodontal diseases. Those with diabetes that also suffer from dental problems such as decay, infection or disease may also find that it is harder to manage blood sugar levels, resulting in more diabetic complications.

Prevent Problems

 First Let your dentist know that you have diabetes.

 Take good care of your gums and teeth. Brush and floss at least twice a day. Rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash daily. Get a dental checkup every 6 months.

Keep your blood sugar under control.

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